Expert Advice

Body & Fitness
Body & Fitness
Why Strength Training is Beneficial for Those With Hypothyroidism

Acella Pharmaceuticals, LLC., is partnering with Angila Berni, M.S., SFG II, RYT to bring greater awareness to the importance of thyroid care and education. This post is sponsored by Acella Pharmaceuticals and should not be construed as medical advice. Please talk to your doctor about your individual medical situation.

Disclaimer: The information provided is for educational purposes only and does not substitute professional medical advice. Consult a medical professional or healthcare provider before beginning any exercise, fitness, diet, or nutrition routine.

Hypothyroidism causes the reduction of thyroid hormones T3 and T4. These hormones have a direct impact on metabolism and energy levels. Strength training is one way to help combat some of those effects.

Let’s define a few scientific terms to explain why strength training is so beneficial. Strength training involves using the body or weights to break down muscle fibers and promote muscle repair. The repairing of the muscles causes an increased need for energy in calories, which increases metabolism. Metabolism is the sum of all chemical processes within the body. As metabolism increases, the body uses more calories to maintain homeostasis. Homeostasis is a steady and stable state the body works to maintain. The greater the caloric expenditure throughout the day, the more significant reduction in body fat and the increase in lean muscle mass.

Now that the scientific talk is over, here are some more identifiable benefits of strength training. Using bodyweight or equipment increases energy levels, muscular strength and tone. It increases the number of calories burned throughout the day and promotes fat loss. This is especially beneficial for those with hypothyroidism because hypothyroidism reduces the amount of thyroid hormone and slows metabolism.

Key concepts to know about strength training are sets and reps. Sets are a series of repetitions (reps). Repetitions are the number of times the body performs an exercise in a given set -- for example, three sets of 10 reps while completing a pushup. Rest is the amount of time between sets and varies depending on load. A good rule of thumb is about two to three minutes of rest between sets.

Sample Strength Training Workout

Start by choosing a weight you can lift 10 to 15 times with good form. Each week, increase the resistance, frequency or number of repetitions. This steady increase is called progressive overload. The body responds with increased muscular strength, size and tone by consistently increasing the workload, which in turn increases the metabolism and energy levels. The key to strength training is to constantly improve while maintaining proper form.

Complete the following exercises for three sets of 10 reps (3 X 10).

Bent-Over Row

Weighted Squat Push Ups Leg Raises Things to Remember

1. If you are unfamiliar with strength training, is it best to hire a personal trainer for individualized attention.

2. It is more fun to work out with a friend, so recruit a buddy and create a plan.

3. Logging your progress is helpful and allows you to see your results visually.

4. Always ask questions if you are unsure about something. Most gyms have trainers walking the floor who can help.

5. Optimal benefits are realized when paired with a balanced nutrition plan.

6. Always obtain your primary care physician’s consent before starting an exercise program.


Important Risk Information

Drugs with thyroid hormone activity, alone or together with other therapeutic agents, have been used for the treatment of obesity. In euthyroid patients, doses within the range of daily hormonal requirements are ineffective for weight reduction. Larger doses may produce serious or even life-threatening manifestations of toxicity, particularly when given in association with sympathomimetic amines such as those used for their anorectic effects.
  • NP Thyroid® is contraindicated in patients with uncorrected adrenal insufficiency, untreated thyrotoxicosis, and hypersensitivity to any component of the product.
  • In the elderly and in patients with cardiovascular disease, NP Thyroid® should be used with greater caution than younger patients or those without cardiovascular disease.
  • Use of NP Thyroid® in patients with diabetes mellitus or adrenal cortical insufficiency may worsen the intensity of their symptoms.
  • The therapy of myxedema coma requires simultaneous administration of glucocorticoids.
  • Concomitant use of NP Thyroid® with oral anticoagulants alters the sensitivity of oral anticoagulants. Prothrombin time should be closely monitored in thyroid-treated patients on oral anticoagulants.
  • In infants, excessive doses of NP Thyroid® may produce craniosynostosis.
  • Partial loss of hair may be experienced by children in the first few months of therapy but is usually transient.
  • Adverse reactions associated with NP Thyroid® therapy are primarily those of hyperthyroidism due to therapeutic overdosage.
  • Many drugs and some laboratory tests may alter the therapeutic response to NP Thyroid®. In addition, thyroid hormones and thyroid status have varied effects on the pharmacokinetics and actions of other drugs. Administer at least 4 hours before or after drugs that are known to interfere with absorption. Evaluate the need for dose adjustments when regularly administering within one hour of certain foods that may affect absorption.
  • NP Thyroid® should not be discontinued during pregnancy, and hypothyroidism diagnosed during pregnancy should be promptly treated.


NP Thyroid® (thyroid tablets, USP) is a prescription medicine that is used to treat a condition called hypothyroidism from any cause, except for cases of temporary hypothyroidism, which is usually associated with an inflammation of the thyroid (thyroiditis). It is meant to replace or supplement a hormone that is usually made by your thyroid gland.

NP Thyroid® is also used in the treatment and prevention of normal functioning thyroid goiters, such as thyroid nodules, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, multinodular goiter, and in the management of thyroid cancer.